INDONESIA´s HANDBOOK 2000

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CONTENTS

FOREWORD
LAND
PEOPLE
HISTORY
GOVERNMENT
DEVELOPMENT ACHIEVEMENTS
Economic Recovery
People's Welfare and Poverty Eradication
Food and Horticulture
National Logistics Agency
Investment
Agriculture
Industry and Trade
Mining and Energy
Cooperatives, Small and Medium Scale Enterprises
Transportation and Communications
Transmigration
The Law
The Environment
Defense and Security
Health
Social Affairs
Manpower
The Role of Women in National Development
Population and Family Planning
Religious Life
Education and Culture
Science and Technology
Housing and Settlement
Agrarian Affairs
The Younger Generation and Sports
Tourism, Arts and Culture
Empowerment of State Enterprises

AGRARIAN AFFAIRS

The vision of this office can be formulated as: "The control, ownership, and use of land which support the empowerment of the people's economy, strengthen the unity and integrity and self-resilience of the nation as well as enhance competitive- ness in the globalization era, supported by regulations on the law and general planning of regional zoning, and able to realize an optimal land use for the people's prosperity based on social justice".

Accordingly, the mission is to manage and develop the agrarian administration, covering regulations on land authorization and possession, land-use, issuing land rights, measure and register land property based on the agrarian principle law and law regulations concerning agrarian matters.

The objective is the creation of an orderly agrarian condition regarding agrarian administration, land law, land use as well as land and the environment maintenance. The targets are:

A harmonious zoning and agrarian system for social, economic as well as defense and security interest; a more established way of implementation and control on the use of land which is able to guarantee the realization of social functioning of land right and prevent centralization of land control; Accelerated regional expansion, eradicate poverty and prevent the gap of land control; an integrated agrarian management system which is harmonious, effective and efficient; a climate for development in all sectors use land; an information system with updated and transparent data, which supports the agrarian and regional zoning; a qualified and high capability board and apparatus on land management, with professional executives; a more stable agrarian service system, with principles which are simple, safe, sophisticated, accessible and transparent; a more complete agrarian implementation regulations to give a conducive climate for development, especially for the protection of the grass-root level an enhanced awareness and participation of the people as well as the business world in the agrarian management; equal and correct understanding and perception of the people towards agrarian law.

Improvement of Services

Efforts to enhance and improve public services cover: (a) simplify and standardize the procedures and the condition transparently by eliminating unnecessary procedures: (b) prepare list of fished changes for the public, to prevent the illicit levies; (c) each office determines how much time they would need, so that anybody who have completed their forms would maximally need only three visits to get the documents. The three visits would only be for submitting the forms, pay the fee and collect the documents; (d) give service by window system, so that customers would only meet the officer at the window, not the one who processes the documents; (e) provide opportunity for public complaints through PO Box 4000 and facsimile address to the Minister, as well as boxes for letters of complains in each office, and other strategic sports.

To accelerate services to the people, especially regarding land rights, preliminary steps have been made to decentralize the procedure of taking decision, and give greater authority to decide on land right  to  the  regional  officials,  especially  the  Head  of  Districts/Municipality Agrarian Office.

Equality and Justice in Land Control

In line with the mandate given to the Government of the Development Reform Cabinet by the People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia Decree No. XVI/MPR/1998 on Economy Politics in an economic democracy, Article 7 regulates the following policies and measures: (a) apply land management through land redistribution and provide compensation from available government budget and with the people's resources to improve the farmers' welfare; (b) carry out management for land control and land use through consolidation of urban and farm land, using available government budget and the people's resources. Land consolidation is the agrarian policy to restructure land-title and land use through active participation of the people who are members of cooperatives and institutions from the people, by the people and for people, as an effort to encourage the people in development (to develop without taking land away from owners); (c) emphasize and strengthen the government intention to step up the implementation of land-title by Presidential Instruction and control the ownership of farm-land by Instruction of the Minister of Agrarian Affairs/Head of the National Agrarian Board as the follow up of the Presidential Instruction; (d) limit the maximum extent of farm and non-farm land ownership for individuals and establishments; (e) control the less efficient use of land by not allowing absentee ownership of land; (f) control the implementation of crop sharing, as well as form land pawning and rent.

Use of Idle Land

Each of the rights-holder is obliged to use his/her land in line with the intensity and use of land according to the principle of Preservation/ Optimal use/Harmony, and Balance (LOSS), to maximize the use of land to realize a just and prosperous society. At the same time this policy would support programs at times of food crisis and unemployment, especially in the big cities.

Right holder of lands which are not functioning in accordance with the purpose of land use and in view of the issuance of land right is for land with social functions, should switch to food crop planting, for the time being. In such cases, the rights-holders may consider carrying on by themselves or join with other parties. If they are not able to use the lands, they are entitled to allow the District administration (Pernda Dati II) to manage their property as idle land. Otherwise, these rights owners could face changes as sanctioned by Government Regulation No. 36 of 1997 regarding neglected lands.

As to the practice of cultivating land by someone other than the rights holder the local administration (PEMDA) takes legal steps by issuing a guarantee that the rights holder would get back his property as soon as he is ready to assume his original plan.

Issuance of Land Rights

The availability of land for housing (residence) is purpose essential for each citizen.. To guarantee legal certainty of land ownership for housing purpose the Indonesian Citizens has the opportunity for ownership right, when a citizen purchases a house from a real estate enterprises the Building Usage Right, that comes with the purchase, would be upgraded to ownership right.

Land Rights Fee

According to Agrarian Principle Law (LJUPA), each holder of a land right is entitled to pay a fee which is a revenue to the State Budget. This revenue is allocated for the management of the over-sized land sites, as regulated by the Agrarian principle Law. Accordingly the amount of fee is regulated considering to the type of land right, its length of time, the size of land, and tariff. Land owners of the weak economical group are exempted from land right fees.

Managing Agrarian Problems

The Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/ Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Regulation Number I of 1999 on the procedures in handling land disputes is the basis for legal settlements in cases of land disputes.

This policy is an anticipative and responsive effort to the latest phenomena in the society, which requires efficient and free of charge services on ways to settle land disputes. In this regard the national and local offices have formed working teams of which the working procedures cover formal juridical matters and material juridical research. Efforts are also made for a possible role of the national Agrarian Board to act as mediator, in accordance with current regulations of the statutory law, based on the principle of justice.

Enhancement of Public Participation

To register land property throughout Indonesia, one needs to have his piece of land measured and a cadastral map made to obtain a framework for basic mapping, a basic map, a land site map and land registration map. To improve and accelerate services in land registration in particular and accelerate the process of measuring and mapping in general, the people at large are given the opportunity to participate by becoming licensed surveyors in the capacity of national Agrarian Board land measurer. One could also join the Agrarian Order Aware group to assist programs of the community.

Supporting the Social Safety Net

To support the Social Safety Net, land rights are given to the economically weak. With legal certainty, the farmers feel more secure in working their land. This conditions could increase productivity which in turn would improve the people's welfare.

Activities to support the Social Safety Net are through:

1.  Land management Program;

2.  Settlement and Transmigration Environment Program.

Agrarian Laws in the Reform Era

Following are laws issued to support reform efforts:

a. Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Instructions Number: 3 of 1998 on Enhancement of Public Service Efficiency and Quality in the Agrarian field.

b. Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Instruction Number 4 of 1998 on the Acceleration of Registration for Land Ownership Rights for Residence purposes.

c. Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Instruction Number 5 of 1998 on Issuance of Location Permits in the Program of Land-title in Large Scale.

d. Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Instruction Number I of 1999 on the Settlement of postponed Handling of People's Application for Land Rights.

e. Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Regulation Number 2 of 1998 on Licensed Surveyors.

f. Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Decision Number 6 of 1998 on Issuance of Land Ownership Rights for Residential.

g. Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Number 3 of 1998 on the Use of Idle Land for Crops Plantation.

h. Instruction of the Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Number 4 of 1998 on the Guidelines to of Determining Revenue in Giving Rights over State land.

i.  Instruction of the Minister of State.for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Number 2 of 1999 on Location Permits.

j.  Instruction of the Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Number: 3 of 1999 on Delegation of Authority to Issue and Limit the Rights of Land.

In the program to accelerate services for the public in, the Agrarian Office has established 304 service windows, and put signs about how much time and money one would need to have his certificate of rights ready.

In 1998/1999, 1,247,562 certificates were issued by the Agrarian Office. So far, 37,710 ha of idle land has been planted with food crops..

With regard to Minister of State for Agrarian Affairs/ Chairman of the National Agrarian Board Regulation Number 6 of 1998 on land ownership rights for residential purposes, the Rights of Use for 68,940 plots of land spread out in 11 provinces have been upgraded to ownership Rights. A number 91 licensed surveyors and 96 assistant surveyors have been installed.

Activities in the agrarian sector to support the Social Safety Net consist of:

•  Issuing land rights for 119,498 land plats of the of Agrarian PRONA Project.

•  Issuing land rights to 15, 889 plots/families by way of land redistribution to development project sector of land-title authority.

•  Issuing land rights to 619,296 plats of land by way of adjudication on agrarian administration project sector.

•  Inventarization and control of 417,000 ha idle land. .

•  Issuing land rights to 78, 325 plots of land through agrarian projects in transmigration areas.

THE YOUNGER GENERATION AND SPORTS

The relationship between the development of the younger generation and sports is consider very strong and can not be separated. Therefore, the vision and mission of the office that was more developed in the reformation era, also united and does not be separated.

The vision of the Office of tt]e Minister of State for Youth Affairs and Sports Office is to develop progressive independently, with high moral and competitive in the globalization era.

That vision is clarified in the mission to empower the younger generation and sports, by way of realizing harmonious balance between quality and quantity of younger generation and sports development, as a human resources potential and the environment so that become effective resources in entire national development spectrum

(Ideology, Politics, Social, Culture, Economy, Security and Defense, Legal, Science and Technology, and Environment).

Younger generation empowerment is to endeavor the establishment of Indonesia's younger generation with high moral standards, religions, devoted to the One and Only God, honest, polite, tolerant and civilized in accordance with Pancasila, democratic, independent, entrepreneurial, discipline, struggle, nationalism awareness, study hard, competitive and succeed, professional, own a work ethic, creative, innovative and productive, and also intellectual who has a certain quality and competitive.

The goal and objective of younger generation and sports empowerment have been determined to spell out the vision and mission. The goal to empower the younger generation and sports is to synchronize and integrate the way of thinking, ideas, initiatives and efforts that will be realized by the government and the people, into the programs to empower the younger generation and sports as one of the priorities of human resources development and the succeeding generation in of the 21 century.

A total information aspiration in various aspects according to the demand of younger generation, the youth and university students are disseminated through dialogue forums, on the national and regional level.

Also, the management and participative development planning pattern that is aspirative, which is democratic, and appreciative, has involved as many as possible elements of younger generation, the youths, students, and the higher learning community, professionals, and NGO through the 1999 Younger Generation and Sports National Coordination Meeting (Rakornas PORA).

Efforts were also made to change the younger generation development orientation was originally more emphasized on the development and education of younger generation which is reflected by ideology and politics, to empowerment of the youth which is reflected more by economics', social life, culture, law, science and technology, and the environment.

The Government also adopted the "back to basic" principle and sports as "national and character building" based on sport standard in sport development policy.

Among the most prominent achievements are the motivation and consistency of local governments in most of the provinces in Indonesia to stipple out the efforts to the empowerment of the younger generation and sports in the region, by forming and effectuating the Office of the Minister of State for Youth Affairs and Sports of the First and Second Regional level.

The Office have also succeeded to gather and organize the aspirations,  ideas  and  initiatives  of  the  region  for  efforts  to  the empowerment of the younger generation and sports that based on a reformation spirit and regional matters, obtained from the youth and sports safaris and national coordination meeting on youth and sports.

The Office has also conducted youth trainings that no longer indoctrinates only matters for government interest, but trainings which are more democratic, transparent, communicative, aspirative and partisipative according to the need and understanding of reformation.

It has also developed positive climate for of the younger generation aspiration, especially the youth and university student, through dialogue forums, which are democratic, communicative, and transparent.

Also of equal importance is the reality that the freedom to express ideas and different responsible ideas has been accepted by the younger generation circle, youth and university students, as the vehicle of democratization in the reformation era, including freedom to assemble or not to join in one specific youth organization, university students organization or political organization.


Rafting over Progo river

  Children have the right to develop their talent

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