Population development activities in the Development Reform Cabinet
are in accordance with Law No. 10 of 1992 which covers population quantity,
control, quality improvement and mobility, which are supported with a population
information system. The population development in fiscal year of 1998/1999
was directed at coordinating the implementation aspects improvement which
relates to the improvement of the human resources through policy coordination
and a review of the implementation of the population quality and human
resources development policy.
Considering the challenge and changes in the era of globalization, the
Government has established an organization called Indonesian Population
Committee of which the members consist of experts and representative consideration.
With the above mentioned measure, a population projection could be obtained
on amount, structure and composition of Indonesia population.
An indicator of the population was also formulated for further tests
by the Central Bureau of Statistics. This facility was made available to
offices on the national and regional level which formulate the planning
and evaluate development program implementation.
A concept and indicator on inter-regional and provincial population
balance had been developed in a "General Guide to the Dynamic Indicator
on Population and the Environmental Capacity Balance" to be considered
as reference by the First and Second Level Regional Administration in conducting
monitoring activities and intervention on an inter-relation of population,
economic and development programs.
A "General Guidance on the Development of Buffer Village of the Regional
Village Growth Center had been declared for reference of the Second Level
Regional Administration in determining, deciding as well as developing
policies and programs when directing population mobility in buffer villages
of growth areas.
A pattern of the Population Oriented Development and its strategic indicator
has been formulated. It constitutes a supporting means to the sectoral
and regional developed implementation in effort to create efficient persons
in the framework of realizing a developed, selfsupporting and prosperous
population who live in harmony and balance manner with the environmental
ability and capacity.
The available network of Population and Family Planning Information
System (SIDUGA) has further developed, reaching 35 permanent members consisting
of representatives of various institutions and NGOs. The SIDUGA network
is an information system carrying data on population and family.
Monitoring and evaluation results on the implementation of the five
year ICPD Population Action Program in the fields of population growth,
reproduction health, population quality and population mobility related
to the socio-economic crisis in Indonesia has been compiled. This product
will be used in efforts to develop population policy in the future, nationally
and internationally as well as in formulating a Population Action Program,
which is targeted for the year 2015.
During one year of reformation era, the development program in the
field of Population and National Family Planning is focused on the implementation
of the regulation of the People's Consultative Decision No. X/MPR/1998,
which directs the government to create activities to handle the economic
practice reformation to in its entity and anticipate future challenges,
i.e. the creation of strong and democratic civil society, which is capable
to respond to the demands of the new era and the global change.
In this lengthy economic crisis, at present the sector of Population
Development and National Family Planning Movement is facing the children
of the decrease of the National Family Welfare. This is marked by the decrease
in the number of families of the KS-II category and up and the sharp increase
of the number of PS and KS-I category families due to economic crisis,
such as the soaring prices of foodstuff and high rate of unemployment caused
by discontinued work contracts.
In addition, owing the economic crisis, the purchasing power of the
birth control contraceptive participants to obtain contraceptive means
has dropped, while the government support to supply contraceptive mean
free of charge to KPS and KS-I category population is limited.
In anticipation of the crisis, the Government has developed the "Development
of Potential Human Resources" concept, which is aimed at making the people
and families resourceful. The whole community, including the private sector
are expected to participate in the implementation of the concept to get
over the crisis. The Government has also made efforts that eligible couples
are guaranteed to obtain qualified birth control services, supported by
sufficient supply of contraceptive.
Service improvement is done by training midwives for counseling on methods,
of a long term contraceptives and the development of birth control means
up to the rural areas. Efforts are being made to meet the shortage midwives
of free contraceptives, especially for KPS and KS-I category and up with
better economic condition, contraceptives are supplied by the private distribution
network LIBI/LIMAS with service from private doctors/midwives.
To monitor the fluctuation of free contraceptives and drop out which
possibly is caused by the economic situations and shortage of contraceptives,
a monitoring network mechanism has been developed up to the districts/municipalities,
coordinated by the Crisis Center.
The available resources of BKKBN in the KIE has been utilized to motivate
the Village Community Institution (IMP) to organize integrated activities
such as Revitalization of Integrated Health Center, safe motherhood, youth
health production campaign against HIV-AIDS. Besides, in the crisis situation
data of family welfare from BKKBN have been used by JPS to set the program
target, especially on the implementation of the Special Rice Market Operation
Program, Recording of the School-Age Children and Developing of Health
Cards for KIPS and KS-I category participants who were affected by the
To support the recoverage of the people's economic in the time of crisis,
activities have been developed to strengthen the economy of KPS and KS-I
families. Apart from efforts to revitalize the perception mission, a number
of strategy measures have been taken by the Government, including the revision
and correction of the various decisions and systems susceptible to Corruption,
Collusion and Nepotism. To anticipate cultural challenges, various steps
have been made for potential international cooperation, to develop information
system on population and family, and develop human resources.
The family planning services in 1998/1999 has succeeded in convince
6,060,843 eligible couples to participate in the Family Planning Program.
The among was 108.05 percent of the estimated people's demand to participate
in the Family Planning Program. The number of successful guided Active
Participant until March 1999 totaled 26,729,030 or only 94.681 percent
compared to that of the period 1998/1999 totaling 28,230,100.
A report from the "Takesra" (People's Welfare Savings) at the BNI Bank
showed that until March 1999, the birth control participants having saving
accounts totaled 11,304,441 families. They had made used the opportunity
to draw funds of about 22.59 billion rupiahs or 98.59 percent of the Takesra
funds of 22.92 billion rupiahs.
According to a report from "Kukesra" (People's Welfare Business Credits)
of the BNI Bank, until March 1999, 618.24 billion rupiahs had been made
available. This had exceeded the available funds of 832.97 billion for
532,055 groups. In case, the rising need of extra Kukesra fund more than
100 percent, in aresult of the families who benefit it, paid their installment
and interest of the main capital fluently.