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Population development activities in the Development Reform Cabinet are in accordance with Law No. 10 of 1992 which covers population quantity, control, quality improvement and mobility, which are supported with a population information system. The population development in fiscal year of 1998/1999 was directed at coordinating the implementation aspects improvement which relates to the improvement of the human resources through policy coordination and a review of the implementation of the population quality and human resources development policy.

Considering the challenge and changes in the era of globalization, the Government has established an organization called Indonesian Population Committee of which the members consist of experts and representative consideration. With the above mentioned measure, a population projection could be obtained on amount, structure and composition of Indonesia population.

An indicator of the population was also formulated for further tests by the Central Bureau of Statistics. This facility was made available to offices on the national and regional level which formulate the planning and evaluate development program implementation.

A concept and indicator on inter-regional and provincial population balance had been developed in a "General Guide to the Dynamic Indicator on Population and the Environmental Capacity Balance" to be considered as reference by the First and Second Level Regional Administration in conducting monitoring activities and intervention on an inter-relation of population, economic and development programs.

A "General Guidance on the Development of Buffer Village of the Regional Village Growth Center had been declared for reference of the Second Level Regional Administration in determining, deciding as well as developing policies and programs when directing population mobility in buffer villages of growth areas.

A pattern of the Population Oriented Development and its strategic indicator has been formulated. It constitutes a supporting means to the sectoral and regional developed implementation in effort to create efficient persons in the framework of realizing a developed, selfsupporting and prosperous population who live in harmony and balance manner with the environmental ability and capacity.

The available network of Population and Family Planning Information System (SIDUGA) has further developed, reaching 35 permanent members consisting of representatives of various institutions and NGOs. The SIDUGA network is an information system carrying data on population and family.

Monitoring and evaluation results on the implementation of the five year ICPD Population Action Program in the fields of population growth, reproduction health, population quality and population mobility related to the socio-economic crisis in Indonesia has been compiled. This product will be used in efforts to develop population policy in the future, nationally and internationally as well as in formulating a Population Action Program, which is targeted for the year 2015.

Family Planning

During one year of reformation era, the development program in the field of Population and National Family Planning is focused on the implementation of the regulation of the People's Consultative Decision No. X/MPR/1998, which directs the government to create activities to handle the economic practice reformation to in its entity and anticipate future challenges, i.e. the creation of strong and democratic civil society, which is capable to respond to the demands of the new era and the global change.

In this lengthy economic crisis, at present the sector of Population Development and National Family Planning Movement is facing the children of the decrease of the National Family Welfare. This is marked by the decrease in the number of families of the KS-II category and up and the sharp increase of the number of PS and KS-I category families due to economic crisis, such as the soaring prices of foodstuff and high rate of unemployment caused by discontinued work contracts.

In addition, owing the economic crisis, the purchasing power of the birth control contraceptive participants to obtain contraceptive means has dropped, while the government support to supply contraceptive mean free of charge to KPS and KS-I category population is limited.

In anticipation of the crisis, the Government has developed the "Development of Potential Human Resources" concept, which is aimed at making the people and families resourceful. The whole community, including the private sector are expected to participate in the implementation of the concept to get over the crisis. The Government has also made efforts that eligible couples are guaranteed to obtain qualified birth control services, supported by sufficient supply of contraceptive.

Service improvement is done by training midwives for counseling on methods, of a long term contraceptives and the development of birth control means up to the rural areas. Efforts are being made to meet the shortage midwives of free contraceptives, especially for KPS and KS-I category and up with better economic condition, contraceptives are supplied by the private distribution network LIBI/LIMAS with service from private doctors/midwives.

To monitor the fluctuation of free contraceptives and drop out which possibly is caused by the economic situations and shortage of contraceptives, a monitoring network mechanism has been developed up to the districts/municipalities, coordinated by the Crisis Center.

The available resources of BKKBN in the KIE has been utilized to motivate the Village Community Institution (IMP) to organize integrated activities such as Revitalization of Integrated Health Center, safe motherhood, youth health production campaign against HIV-AIDS. Besides, in the crisis situation data of family welfare from BKKBN have been used by JPS to set the program target, especially on the implementation of the Special Rice Market Operation Program, Recording of the School-Age Children and Developing of Health Cards for KIPS and KS-I category participants who were affected by the economic situation.

To support the recoverage of the people's economic in the time of crisis, activities have been developed to strengthen the economy of KPS and KS-I families. Apart from efforts to revitalize the perception mission, a number of strategy measures have been taken by the Government, including the revision and correction of the various decisions and systems susceptible to Corruption, Collusion and Nepotism. To anticipate cultural challenges, various steps have been made for potential international cooperation, to develop information system on population and family, and develop human resources.

The family planning services in 1998/1999 has succeeded in convince 6,060,843 eligible couples to participate in the Family Planning Program. The among was 108.05 percent of the estimated people's demand to participate in the Family Planning Program. The number of successful guided Active Participant until March  1999 totaled 26,729,030 or only 94.681 percent compared to that of the period 1998/1999 totaling 28,230,100.

A report from the "Takesra" (People's Welfare Savings) at the BNI Bank showed that until March 1999, the birth control participants having saving accounts totaled 11,304,441 families. They had made used the opportunity to draw funds of about 22.59 billion rupiahs or 98.59 percent of the Takesra funds of 22.92 billion rupiahs.

According to a report from "Kukesra" (People's Welfare Business Credits) of the BNI Bank, until March 1999, 618.24 billion rupiahs had been made available. This had exceeded the available funds of 832.97 billion for 532,055 groups. In case, the rising need of extra Kukesra fund more than 100 percent, in aresult of the families who benefit it, paid their installment and interest of the main capital fluently.

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