INDONESIA´s HANDBOOK 2000

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CONTENTS

FOREWORD
LAND
PEOPLE
HISTORY
GOVERNMENT
DEVELOPMENT ACHIEVEMENTS
Economic Recovery
People's Welfare and Poverty Eradication
Food and Horticulture
National Logistics Agency
Investment
Agriculture
Industry and Trade
Mining and Energy
Cooperatives, Small and Medium Scale Enterprises
Transportation and Communications
Transmigration
The Law
The Environment
Defense and Security
Health
Social Affairs
Manpower
The Role of Women in National Development
Population and Family Planning
Religious Life
Education and Culture
Science and Technology
Housing and Settlement
Agrarian Affairs
The Younger Generation and Sports
Tourism, Arts and Culture
Empowerment of State Enterprises

RELIGIOUS LIFE

The development of religious life in the Reform Development Cabinet has vision: to realize devout Indonesian people with high morality, harmonious relationship in a religious society to maintain and defend national unity, create a civil society, national solidarity and improve religious practice of each individual according to his/her religious belief.

In accordance with above mentioned vision, the mission of the development of religious life are: a. to maintain and improve a religious environment for a religious nation; b. to maintain, guide and improve the harmony of the religious community to maintain national unity; c. to encourage the religious community to participate in all aspects of the developments; and d. to protect the right of the Indonesian citizen to perform his/her religious duties as is guaranteed by Article 29 of the 1945 Constitution.

The aims and targets of the religious development in the Reform Development Cabinet are among others, to protect and guarantee the right of the Indonesian citizen to perform his/her religious duties according to his/her religion to create harmonious relations among members of the various religious communities.

Religious development also aims to Increase people's welfare through the arrangement of marriage, divorce and reconciliation. tithe, wakaf (property donated for religious use) in the moslem society and other social religious activities and religious endeavors and the rules on spreading of a religious teaching, to Improve service to the society.

In addition, it also aims to increase the people's knowledge on religion matters through education which in turn will Increase the role of the religious members community to participate In the development through education in the family, schools and society.

It is also Important to improve the Islamic Haj pilgrimage management to guarantee good service, guidance and protection for the pilgrims.
In the framework of national, and social life, it is important to create harmonious relationship among the religious communities; and between the government and the religious communities. The reformation demands that a priority program be implemented to create a healthy condition which is free from corruption, collusion and nepotism.

In support to reformation, the government' strategy and policy of the religious development are formulated in four pillars: democratization, social potential empowerment, professionalism and efficiency.

The fact of the existence of religious, social, cultural, intellectual, and political pluralities, the Government should be open to possible criticism, suggestion and complains from the people. It should create clean and responsible apparatus and avoid the practice corruption, collusion and nepotism. This principle is important to avoid the "upper-lower" approach that ignores social aspirations. Efforts to enforce social potentials are done by way of cooperating with religious education institutions to create a faithful religious society.

For professionalism, the spirit should be reflected in a transformative attitude to reformation efforts done by the government by improving work performance to reflect the image of clean and responsible apparatus. Among the first steps of good performance are services; develop programs in accordance with the challenges and opportunities; develop better social, cultural, political, economic and religious condition, and improve the human resources through education and trainings at home and abroad.

Improvements in the education programs, in accordance with social demand; a scholarship program, is made available for all education levels to intensify good relationship among the leader of religious groups and the community as well as with the government officials. Another achievement is improve the efficiency of islamic education institutions by establishing model Islamic Elementary, public and private schools, and to improve the quality of the human resources.

There are obvious achievements such as the enactment of Law No 17/1999 concerning the Implementation of the Haj-pilgrimage. The moslem community have been waiting for this law for 40 years. Law No 17 allows the private sector to organize and manage the hajpilgrimage.

Another product is Presidential Decision No 2/1999 concerning the Establishment of the Public Higher Learning Institution for the Hindu religion and Presidential Decision No 199/1999 concerning the Establishment of the Public Higher Learning Institution for the Protestant denomination.

Another obvious achievement is the realization of the program for improving facilities for religious activities by way of providing assistance for construction of 1,971 worship houses of the various religions and certification fee for 9,400 units of wakafland (property donated for Islamic religious activities).

The improvement of the means and infrastructure for worship is carried out through financial aid for the construction and rehabilitation of houses of worship in order to support the active participation of the community to meet their needs to worship.

In 1998/99, the government gave financial aid to construct and rehabilitate houses of worship for 6,190 mosques, 3,490 Protestantchurches, 1,490 katholic-churches. 22.300 temples and 3.300 viharas.

The improvement of haj-pilgrimage services is aimed at smoothening the haj-pilgrimage for Moslems. The improvement of hajpilgrimage services covering procedures, preparations, departure from Indonesia, services in Saudi Arabia and their return to Indonesia.

In 1998/99, the government built transit dormitories for hajpilgrimage at six locations namely Jakarta. Solo. Surabaya, Medan. Ujung Pandang and Balikpapan.

The government has also provided guidance on religious education at the basic level through the rehabilitation and expansion of 1,600 classrooms to Public Islamic Tsanawiyah (MTsN) School buildings in the areas affected by the riots. In the framework of improving the potentials of the religious community's a permit has been issued to draft a law concerning tithe, Infaq and alms.

Meeting sessions have been facilitated for the Religious Community Deliberation Board which consists of MUI (Islam). PGI (Protestant), KWI (Catholic). PARISADA (Hindu), and WALUBI (Buddhist) leaders: an integrated team was established to find ways to clear the Ketapang case caused by misunderstanding between group of different belief and to other case related to SARA (ethnic, religion and race) produce a joint Statement on General Elections and discussions between leaders of religious groups and media.

The government organized a dialogue with leaders of Islamic Schools find ways to create peaceful and harmonious condition and together construct places of worship and other religious facilities such as Islamic Schools in the Province of Aceh and in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

A number of 85 Islamic Schools in Aceh have been upgraded to public schools consisting of 43 madrasah lbtidaiyah, 21 madrasah Tsanawiyah and 21 madrasah Aliyah. Improvement were made in the Haj-pilgrimage services by reconsidering the policy and operational directives for protection. By Presidential Decision No 145/1998, twelve Courts were added.

For implementation of research and development in the religious field, a Restra (strategic plan) has been formulated for the development of Research and Development Board (BLA) in the religious field in the year of 2000-2005. Through this activity, the structure of the Research and Development Board was repositioned to focus more on the function development of research models, the human resources, an academic culture, improve welfare of employees, and organize better inventory of the assets.

The guidelines of mushaf Quran in the form of Rasm Utsmani writing have been composed and published, for the Lajnah Pentashih Mushafof the Quran to keep its purity and continuance.

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